Some women may experience physical discomfort or embarrassment from issues like elongated nipples, excess nipple diameter or inverted nipples that do not project forward. Changes in the size and shape of nipples may result from breast feeding, weight gain, piercings, etc., or simply be genetic.
Individual techniques based on the size, shape, diameter and projection of the nipples are performed under local anesthesia, alone or sometimes in conjunction with other breast surgeries to restore aesthetic balance to the breasts and achieve the desired results.
Nipple surgeries may or may not require an alteration in the shape or diameter of the areola. All methods are designed to leave minimal visible scarring, with little loss of sensation or ability to nurse in the future.